In reply, Jesus says, "Neither this man nor his parents sinned, but this happened so that the power of God might be displayed in his life." His hope was that he might write one that was not only true but that offered a presentation of the Christian faith that would overcome the objections of its critics and gain the respect of the educated and cultured people of his day. Below is a modified transcript from the audio lesson. as developed as that in John. In the story of the resurrection of Lazarus, the brother of Mary and Martha, John's interpretation of the signs reaches its climax. Book of John - The Wonderful Good News The Book of John proclaims the wonderful Good News of Jesus Christ. John is so different from the rest of the gospels. “Gospel” is the name given to early … Instead, these study guides focus on understanding the message and meaning of one book. It is to these Christians that Jesus' words to God are addressed: "My prayer is not that you take them out of the world but that you protect them from the evil one.". Only by coming under the influence of his spirit can we pass from darkness into light. The miracles are signs not of the imminence of the coming of God's kingdom as that term is used in the Synoptic Gospels but of the presence of the Logos, or the power of God, which brings about a transformation in people's lives. Strikingly, it, but hard to explain otherwise. Since the letter identifies no specific church, location, or individual to whom it was sent, its classification is as a “general epistle”. The Christian community, at the time when John wrote, was experiencing a great deal of opposition, not only from Jews but from Romans and others who were skeptical of the claims that Christians were making. It was written back in ’58. Because he believed so firmly in the new Christian movement, he wanted to write a gospel that set forth its essential truth in the best possible manner. In the Gospel of John, the central theme is the divine Logos, the word that was with God and that was God. Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.". It is the first and largest in a series of 3 epistles that bear the Apostle John’s name. Accordingly, the account of the miracles is followed immediately by a discourse in which Jesus says, "I am the bread of life." John does not regard the stories' miraculous elements themselves as having great significance but rather the spiritual meanings that he finds implicit in them. All rights reserved. In it, he provides a theological overview as well setting the historical and geographical context for its stories. Just as Jesus, by virtue of this spirit, gives the living water that brings eternal life, so he gives the food that can bring a new quality of life to the world. Following the prayer, John describes the events that culminate in the crucifixion of Jesus and reports the words that Jesus utters while on the cross. Confess the Son and listen to the apostles - 1 John 2:18-4:6. In the biblical references throughout this booklet, the number preceding the colon denotes the chapter, while the number after the colon denotes the verse (for example: John 8:32 means — the Book of John, chapter 8, verse 32). It is not possible to learn everything about it in thirty 7 Bible God Jesus Holy Spirit Angels Man Sin ... And if you want to learn to understand the Bible, you must first learn how the Bible is put together. motivations for the composition of John's Gospel have been posited by interpreters of (such as to supplement the other Gospels, to combat some form of heresy, to The Understanding the Books of the Bible study series helps readers understand the biblical story by not only talking about what the authors wrote, but also how they wrote. Are you sure you want to remove #bookConfirmation# The traditional view places it toward the end of the first century, c. a.d. 85 or later (see Introduction to 1 John: Date). Author. It is the presence of the Logos, or Spirit of God, in human life that really nourishes the spiritual quality of a person's life. The water symbolizes a cleansing, and the transformation that takes place when a person's life is filled with the spirit present in Jesus sharply contrasts with the rites and ceremonies performed in the Jewish Temple. Jesus taught to love others as much as yourself and to love God as the one and only God. Each of these stories is used as an introduction to a discourse concerning the significance of Jesus and his message in relation to the quality of a person's life. to be the light of life for the world. Whether John was recording a popular tradition or writing a sequel to the story of the rich man and Lazarus, recorded in the Gospel of Luke, we do not know. oppose the continuing followers of John the Baptist), the author himself states The same point of view is expressed again in the account of Jesus' conversation with the woman at the Samarian well. The most significant thing about Jesus is that the divine Logos was present in him, and all of the marvelous things that he accomplished were by virtue of the power of God. and to Jewish customs, such as the duty of circumcision on the eighth day taking The seven miracle stories recorded in John are, first, the turning of water into wine at a marriage feast in Cana; second, the healing of a nobleman's son who was at the point of death; third, the healing of a man at the sheep-gate pool; fourth, the walking on water; fifth, the feeding of five thousand; sixth, the healing of the man born blind; and seventh, the raising of Lazarus. a series of "I am" claims on Jesus' lips echoes God's naming of himself in John says nothing of a supernatural birth. In this respect, Christian mysticism differs from those types in which individual personality is destroyed by becoming wholly absorbed in the deity. Quite often, recognizing whether a passage is poetry, proverb, or history and discerning how the author built his book will unlock its meaning for today's reader. The discussion that follows this exchange makes clear that John's major concern in this narrative is not physical sight in place of physical blindness but rather the curing of men and women of their spiritual blindness. For John, an event of this kind is a most appropriate symbol of what happens to spiritually dead people when they are receptive to the power of God made manifest in the person of Jesus. The last phrase in John 2 said, “Because He did not need anyone to testify concerning man, for He Himself knew what was in man.” It’s … He believes that the function of the Christian church is to follow the guidance and direction of this spirit until the whole world has been transformed into a kingdom of God. © 2020 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Instead, the important meaning of the story is the spiritual food that alone can sustain the quality of living that characterizes true followers of Jesus. In general, two views of the dating of this Gospel have been advocated: The second view has found favor because it has been felt more recently that Those who fail to understand Jesus and the purpose of his mission in the world are spiritually blind. BibleTract.org Bible Studies The Book of John Series Scott Huckaby is developing a Bible Study series that will be a verse-by-verse exposition of the book of John. Take the Bible literally unless the text says otherwise. John stresses that love for God is shown by keeping His commandments (1 Jn. He shows in what sense it is true that the Son and the Father are one in spirit and in purpose without either of them losing their personal identities. The book of John was written after the destruction of Jerusalem, in A.D. 70 and before John's exile to the island of Patmos. The That this story is found only in the Gospel of John raises some questions concerning the historicity of the event, for it does not seem at all probable that the authors of the Synoptic Gospels would have failed to relate an event as important as this one if they had known about it. argue for a late origin. Author and Time of Writing The central theme in the Synoptic Gospels is the coming of the kingdom of God, and it was in relation to this event that the accounts were given of the life and teachings of Jesus. The author of the Gospel of John was evidently aware of these attacks and knew that some of the accounts given in earlier gospels were interpreted in a manner that seemed to support these charges. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. This narrative device is exemplified in the story of the foot-washing that precedes the eating of the Passover meal. John 1:14 - And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.. John 20:31 - But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.. John in The New Testament - A Brief Overview. Based on the recollections of his most trusted followers, The Gospel of John was likely composed two generations after the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. This summary of the Gospel of John provides information about the title, author(s), date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the Gospel of John. John replaces, at least in part, the apocalyptic expectations present in all three of the Synoptic Gospels. The Father works through the Son for the redemption of the world, but the task must be continued after the earthly career of the Son has ended. Yet, it … As John sees it, no human being using only his own strength can overcome the forces of evil. Copyright 2002 © Zondervan. More recently, some interpreters have suggested an earlier date, perhaps Throughout John's gospel, Jesus appears in the role of a human being, which is especially important because it means that he is an example for other people to follow. Jn. 14:15). from references to popular Messianic speculations (see, e.g., 1:21 and note; Removing #book# From the NIV Study Bible, Introductions to the Books of the Bible, John bookmarked pages associated with this title. Throughout Christian history, it has been read and cherished far more than any of the other preserved accounts of Jesus' life. The Understanding the Books of the Bible series doesn’t do that. God's own glory is made visible in him ("Anyone Unlike the Gospel of Mark, the story of the anointing of Jesus by Mary is placed before rather than after Jesus' triumphal entry into Jerusalem, and the Passover meal with the disciples is said to have taken place one day earlier than in the account given in the Synoptic Gospels. It is an important book in understanding how we can be directed by the Holy Spirit and the role of Jesus' lessons in our lives. Some guesses are better than others, but are still just that Œ guesses. At times, this opposition led to severe persecution, and some Christians wanted to withdraw from direct contact with the people of the world. Peculiarities In John's story, someone does come from the dead, and even then the Jews are not persuaded by what he says and does. John wrote independently of the other Gospels (see essay and chart, p. 1943). In this connection, Jesus speaks of going to the Father in order that the Comforter or Spirit of God may be present in the hearts and minds of the believers and thus continue through the church the work that Jesus did while dwelling in their midst, which is John's version of the second coming. This is one of my own personal favorites of all the sixty-six books of the Bible. This is the King James Version of the Audio Bible. The Logos is identified with God and is the spirit that dwelt in the human being known as Jesus of Nazareth. Authorship In this connection, John says, "Yet to all who received him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God.". In the Synoptic Gospels, the purpose of the miracles appears to be that of presenting evidence to support the claim that Jesus is the true Messiah. The Book of 1 John read by Alexander Scourby. In this case, the historical accuracy of an event as reported would be crucial. He who believes in me will live, even though he dies; and whoever lives and believes in me will never die." (, Epilogue: Jesus' Recommissioning of the his main purpose clearly in 20:31: "that you may believe that Jesus is the John begins with the profound announcement that Jesus is the "in the beginning" These changes are quite in harmony with John's conception of Jesus as "the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!" All rights reserved. In both instances, the essence of salvation is the mystical union of the human and the divine. … For John, the amount of physical food that came into existence was not of primary importance. Jesus (, Jesus' Visit to Jerusalem at an Annual Feast When the Spirit of God enters into our lives, we are no longer dead in a spiritual sense but are partakers of the life that is everlasting. Effectively the bible begins now with John 1:1. For example, the story of Jesus' turning water into wine is interpreted to mean the contrast between the old and the new dispensations. This is part-5 in a 23-part study on the book of John. knew them (or any one of them) continues to be debated. This is the story of Christianity's beginnings and how evangelism played a role in the spread of faith around the world. The gospel closes with an account of the post-resurrection experiences that took place both in Jerusalem and in Galilee. (rather than "was") a pool "near the Sheep Gate" may suggest a time before These letters were sent out as circular epistles to be passed around and read in several locations. The Book of James – A Detailed Commentary Basic Training Bible Ministries Page 2 Introduction to James Background of the Book The Epistle of James is one of the general epistles, including 1 and 2 Peter, 1, 2 and 3 John, and Jude. Summary of the Book of 3 John. as the house at Bethany being filled with the fragrance of the broken perfume This does not contradict the statement of Clement referred to above. as early as the 50s and no later than 70. two miles) from Jerusalem (11:18) and mentioning Cana, a village not referred that John wrote this Gospel, and all other evidence agrees (see Introduction and any corresponding bookmarks? By performing the work of a servant, Jesus not only gives to his disciples an example of humility that they are to follow, but the water used in the service is a symbol of that spiritual cleansing essential for all those who become true followers of him. Jesus' last words — "It is finished" — carry a double meaning, for they indicate not only that Jesus is about to die but that the whole purpose of the incarnation is now complete. What is important is that the prayer contains that which John believes to be implicit in the life and teachings of Jesus. God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes In other words, how can divinity ever be united with humanity unless one thereby becomes involved in a contradiction of terms? Let veteran Bible teacher and pastor, Dr. J. Vernon McGee lead you through the entire book in these 21 summaries from Thru the Bible’s tried and trusted five year study. The importance of the Gospel of John can scarcely be overestimated. The purpose of this gospel, as stated by John himself, is to show that Jesus of Nazareth was Christ, the Son of God, and that believers in him might have eternal life. and mission and on lengthy, theologically rich discourses. there]; 19:26; 20:2; 21:7,20,24). The Amazon Book Review Book recommendations, author interviews, editors' picks, … Jesus at the Feast of Tabernacles and Disputes Bible tracts and Christian essays of Scott Huckaby. The following are the studies completed to date: .pdf file: Title: Lesson: Facilitator Notes: Hand-out: The Incarnation of God: 1 - John 1:1-18: 4 pages – .pdf file: 30KB: 2 pages – .pdf file: 17KB: A Voice in … Disciples (. In one of these, Jesus drives out the buyers and sellers from the Temple. John, no less than the Synoptic Gospels' writers, believes that some day the forces of evil in this world will be overcome, and God's reign of righteousness finally will be established. The Bible is an enormous book covering much information and many subjects. The Book of John is not like the Book of Matthew, Mark, or Luke which cover the same period of time. This type of mysticism unites the believer with God, yet it does so without destroying the individuality of either. of John has many touches that appear to reflect the recollections of an eyewitness -- such The Gospel according to John (Greek: Εὐαγγέλιον κατὰ Ἰωάννην, romanized: Euangélion katà Iōánnēn, also known as the Gospel of John, or simply John) is the fourth of the four canonical gospels.It contains a highly schematic account of the ministry of Jesus, with seven "signs" culminating in the raising of Lazarus (foreshadowing the resurrection of Jesus) and seven "I am" discourses culminating in … Jesus' words to Nicodemus nicely summarize this Gospel's central theme: "For Others, however, observe that John elsewhere The New Testament - A Brief … Written by a Christian named John, the contents of the book indicate quite clearly that the author was not the John who was one of the twelve disciples of Jesus, for it contains no direct personal references of the type that one would expect from an intimate associate of Jesus. The author knew Jewish life well, as seen Whether or not he He really paints a picture of what was happening at the time. Although a variety of THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS The Bible has two major divisions: the Old Testament and the ... John 1 Thessalonians … In the Synoptic Gospels, this event is placed toward the close of Jesus' ministry, but John situates it toward the beginning because to him it represents the goal of Jesus' entire earthly career. It is a fitting resume, as John sees it, of what Jesus has done for the Christian community and indeed for all those who at any future time will become members of it. In John's gospel, only seven miracles are reported, and in no one of these instances is the real meaning of the story dependent on its historical accuracy, which is not to say that John has any doubts about the events' historical accuracy. sometimes used the present tense when speaking of the past. The feeding of the five thousand appears to be taken from the Synoptic Gospels, which present the story as evidence that Jesus is the Messiah because he worked miracles. This meaning of the story is given special emphasis in the narratives that follow. to 1 John: Author). Jesus' Identity (, Jesus' Farewell Discourses and Prayer (chs. This principle seems simple enough. those who hold this view point out that developed theology does not necessarily The Gospel Title: The epistle’s title has always been “1 John”. Only God can impart the power to human beings to do this. Because the paschal lamb used as a sacrifice by the ancient Jews was always slain on the day before the Passover, it seemed most appropriate to John that the sacrifice of Jesus should be in conformity with the ancient tradition. As John interprets the story, its deeper meaning is disclosed in a statement that Jesus makes: "I am the resurrection and the life. 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