They are often blue or purple, and their pits are usually freestone, meaning they separate easily from the flesh. The fruit from European plum trees (Prunus domestica) is usually oval or oblong with yellow flesh covered by a deep purple-blue skin. This species arose in China. They are plums that have a high enough sugar content to allow growers to dry the plums in the sun without fermenting. Japanese plums which are cultivated varieties derived mostly from Prunus salicina. They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. Plums come in three distinct types, European, Japanese and American species. They can be used for fresh eating and dried to make prunes. Crt Jakhel wrote: We've had good experiences with the Serbian "Čačanska" (from the city of Čačak) cultivars - Čačanska rana (early), najbolja (best), lepotica (beauty), rodna (prolific). Japanese plums can then be broken into red plums, black plums (more of a dark purple color), and yellow plums. Read on for more European plum facts and tips on European plum growing. Aspers, PA 17304 Combo European Plum Tree (4 varieties) % $49.99 SKU C3204 Size Options (4'-5') Tree Quantity Quantity Add to cart This self-fertile, hardy tree on semi-dwarf rootstock will grow 12-15' tall and provide loads of red and purple fruit for canning, drying and fresh eating. The flesh is golden-yellow. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. On the other hand, Japanese plums are better able to tolerate summer heat. Most European plums are hardy to -20°F, or in Zone 5, but several varieties will tolerant the cold temperatures in Zone 4. The Empress Plum, as the Italian Prune Plum is sometimes referred to, has been in cultivation for well over 2,000 years. Plum trees in this list are among the sweetest plums in our catalogue, originating in Europe, and include the famous Green Gage plum, and also the many different types of Prune plum trees . The trees are small and self-pollinating, and the fruit ripens at the end of August or in September. insititia, or sometimes Prunus insititia), also archaically called the "damascene", is an edible drupaceous fruit, a subspecies of the plum tree. This germplasm is still cultivated in rural areas in spite of the EU-28 crisis of the stone fruit sector. Generally, Japanese plums … The plants are fairly- hardy, but some varieties do well in mild-winter areas. In ancient Rome there were reports to be over 400 varieties of European Plums cultivated. These plum rootstocks are suitable for most European plum varieties, as well as the closely related species of gages, damsons, and mirabelles. Of course you can also consume them as a fruit or use them to … Moyer plums are a common purple plum and one of the most popular varieties. Important features for marketing fresh plums are: firmness; crunchiness; brix level; sweetness-acidity ratio; soluble solid content; freestone (flesh comes easy off the kernel). Adjust accordingly for other locations. Flavor: Honey-sweet; Best For: All around usage; Damson. The plant is usually a large shrub or a small tree. Damsons are especially hardy and have a spicy, tart flavour and are good cooked and jammed. In general, the fat, juicy red ones are Japanese, while European varieties are the smaller, oval, purple or blue fruits. However, you may get better yields if you do have compatible European plum trees in the neighborhood. Most of the plums we eat are grown on varieties of this tree. characteristics. Planting Justice is a 501(c)3 non-profit. Most … Plum trees get relatively large and require 12–18 ft. spacing. Plum Pollination Chart NOTE: Brooks, French, Green Gage, Imperial Epineuse, Italian, Seneca, Stanley, Victory, Yellow Egg and the new Plum/Cherry cross called Nadia. Eat this one fresh because its incredible sweetness is rivaled by few other varieties . Fruit ripens between spring and fall, with the harvest of different types of European plums occurring at different points between May and September. European Plums Freshly harvested homegrown plums are vastly superior in sweetness and flavor to grocery store purchased fruit which are generally harvested under ripe in order to survive long distance shipping. Sign up for our newsletter. A few of the Japan plums are fairly hardy, but most of them are better adapted to the … They need many hours of direct sun a day to fruit. The Japanese plum was first domesticated in China thousands of years ago but was extensively developed in Japan; from there it was introduced to the rest of the world. Smaller, semi-dwarf trees are easier to harvest and maintain. The fruit can be up to 8 cm across, and is usually sweet (dessert plum). But the fruits of many varieties can be considerably larger, or petite, circular, or oblong. European-type plums are upright and can grow to be quite tall. Similarly, fruit setof self-fertile (the flowers can receive pollen on its own to produce fruit) varie… European plum varieties Japanese plums varieties Cherry plums Plumcots Along with peaches and nectarines, plums are the defining fruit of the summer season. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. European plum trees (Prunus domestica) are an ancient, domesticated species of fruit tree. Green Gage bears large crops of yellowish green, juicy, firm and tender, oval fruit . Most of our plum tree varieties … Prunes from these plums are the sweetest and easiest to dry. European plum trees grow well in the western U.S. Fruits are generally oval, smaller, and more variable in color than Japanese plums. The Greengages are a variety of the Gages, (Prunus domestica ssp. From green to yellow to purple to red, there are so many possibilities. In spite of our stronger cultural connections with Europe when it comes to food, it is actually the Japanese plum that most people would identify as the typical American plum.Originally from China, these plums So exactly what is a European plum? The European plum is the usual source for prunes (dried plums) since many of the cultivars are freestone and processing the pits is simpler. Plum varieties are quite varied; although the classic Victoria will undoubtedly spring to most peoples minds’ first, the pale coppery red oval fruits of this variety have come to epitomise ‘plum’ to most people. In good soil plum trees will bear fruit in 3-5 years from planting out. Japanese plums … They don’t contain a significant amount of water, so they’re useful for drying. According to European plum facts, these fruit trees are self-fertile. List your favorite variety or varieties and why, and I will add it to the list here, with the ones with the most … (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. ABUNDANCE PLUM. Prunes are one of the various types of European plums. They are usually self-pollinating, so you can get by with one tree in the yard. Vanette - The Vanette is a large, purple-blue, freestone plum. Vote in your post below or recommend a new variety! The purpose was to develop a system of variety combinations which approaches an optimum in fertility as long as inter-fertility … Compatible cultivars are offered if cross pollination is needed. I've recently gotten a few European plum trees this fall. The damson (/ ˈ d æ m z ə n /) or damson plum (Prunus domestica subsp. A deciduous tree, it includes many varieties of the fruit trees known as plums in English, though not all plums belong to this species. Fax: (717) 677-4124 What does it look like and how does it taste? The standard for plum quality since the 17th century, Green Gage Plum is one of a group of classic and highly prized European Plum varieties. Plum Trees - European Plum trees in this list are among the sweetest plums in our catalogue, originating in Europe, and include the famous Green Gage plum, and also the many different types of Prune plum trees Sort by Default Order Show 16 Products Japanese and European varieties of plum do not cross pollinate with each other. And they are certainly not just … REINE CLAUDE BODDAERT European plum, likely a Reine Claude seedling, but origins largely unknown. (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. European-type plums include the prunes and damsons: "Italian" and "Stanley" are two of the most famous. La Cresent Is a zone 4a freestone plum that not only looks like but has a slight taste of an apricot! Most European plum cultivars flower at the same time, providing an adequate bloom overlap for effective cross-pollination among them. Italy has an ample number of traditional varieties, but many are neglected and at risk of extinction. This is a great choice for those who want to grow apricots but due to zoning cannot. European plums have a much better and more interesting range of flavours than the 'Japanese' plums usually found in supermarkets. Besides fresh consumption, plums … European plum trees produce plums with skins in a wide variety of colors – generally are blue or maroon, although popular ‘Green Gage’ plums are green, while ‘Mirabelle’ plums are yellow. There are two different kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus salicina, and European, Prunus domestica. It has attractive white blossom in spring. These plums are often canned or made into jams or jellies. European plum trees are larger and more erect than Japanese plums, and they bloom later - a distinct advantage in climates subject to spring frosts. Directions to ACN, Super Chief® Red Delicious (Sandidge Cv. Rustic Plum Tart. What is a European plum? Most plum varieties are self- incompatible (the flowers cannot receive pollen on its own to produce fruit) and require appropriate pollinators for reliable cropping. Some European varieties are thought to come from the Prunus domestica, a wild plum tree that grows near the Caspian Sea. In some cases, plum cultivars from the same species cannot pollinate each other. The work is divided into 3 parts: I. Prunus domestica (sometimes referred to as Prunus × domestica), the European plum is a species of flowering plant in the family Rosaceae. The domestic plum season extends from May through October, with Japanese types coming on the market first and peaking in August, followed by European varieties … Pixy. Within these species there are many varieties and hybrids varying from red, purple to yellow and green skin or flesh, many of which you can find for sale in Europe. 2. European plums tend to be small, and most varieties are egg-shaped. Greengages and damsons are varieties of plums.. When you are beginning European plum growing, remember to plant your trees in a sunny site. It is a medium to large-sized fruit with good firmness and sweetness with a medium acid content for a nice balanced flavor. Plums are large, usually soft-fleshed – perfect for eating or cooking (depending on the cultivar). These fruits are usually light green (like the Claudia variety) or purple. Plum Varieties. This plum variety is considered one of the best European plums for its shape and taste. Both black and yellow plums have an amber … Improved varieties include 'Blue Damson', 'French Damson', and 'Shropshire Damson'. About 20 varieties dominate the commercial supply of plums, and most originated in either Asia or Europe. Gage plums and Greengage plums - The gages are a group of cultivars of the common European plum, (Prunus domestica ssp. Plum species that are significant for commercial trade include the hexaploid European plum (Prunus domestica) and the diploid Japanese plum (Prunus salicina). The flowering phenology, blooming time and inter-fertility relations of 63 European plum varieties has been studied at growing sites with different ecological conditions during a 10 year long period. Varieties of insititia are found across Europe, but the name damson is derived from and most commonly applied … P.O. Don’t toss in fertilizer at the time of planting, but wait at least six weeks after planting to fertilize. Very sweet and richly flavorful, Green Gage is great for fresh eating, baking, preserves, and canning. Plum buyers and marketers are often interested in new varieties with superior characteristics and taste, but traditional European … There are not as many plum rootstocks as there are for apples, and there are no extremely-dwarfing plum rootstocks. It's self-fertile and very productive. These are extremely sweet plums that have dark burgundy to purple skin and juicy yellow-orange to amber flesh. ), 26 Nursery Road, This is one of the hardiest European plum varieties. European or Italian plums may be sold as sugar plum, Italian plum or prune, French prune, or simply "fresh prune" since it's the fruit that is dried to make prunes. This rootstock was developed by East … Japanese plum trees are more likely than European varieties to require cross-pollination. 3 of the Best Plum Varieties … Most garden plum trees in Northern Europe are of this species, and they are well suited to temperate climates, being hardier than the Japanese varieties and flowering later. In the USA, European plums are eaten fresh, as fresh slices in salads and desserts, and processed as puree for baby food, baking, dried fruit, and fermented as alcoholic beverages, depending on the varieties. In some cases, plum cultivars from the same species cannot pollinate each other. [Goodmans1914] Goodman’s catalogue of 1914 The catalogue used American spelling for words such as color (colour) and flavor (flavour) and this has been retained. Fruit is yellow, dry, tender, meaty, and sweet. 'Boddarts … With regard to Plum trees, as well as the Cornish varieties such as the most sought after Kea Plum and Manaccan Plum, there are a few non Cornish varieties such as the Victoria Plum and River’s Early Prolific which are very productive and can be found in Cornish Orchards. Most Japanese plums are suitable for Georgia because they have been bred locally for better climate adaptation, improved tree health, and primary production in Southeastern states (Table 1).The choice of varieties for Georgia gardens dependson several factors. The value of criteria for the identification of varieties. There are several other species of plum tree grown to a lesser extent but still important … This species is also smaller than the Japanese plum and matures later. Italian plums are similar to ' Stanley '. Buyers evaluate plum varieties on characteristics such as sweetness and firmness. These plums are excellent in jam, sauce, dried as prunes, or fresh off the tree! Whilst European plums … The European plum (Prunus domestica L.) is a worldwide distributed tree species. Prunus domestica is the European plum. European plums, with a long history of cultivation, are one of the main plum species grown worldwide. 'Stanley' is a versatile European plum that is widely adapted and particularly well suited to the eastern regions and some of the Northwest. This tree is normally grown for the fruit crop, but the attractive white flowers that appear in April make it a good specimen tree, as well. This can vary from year to year under unusual weather conditions. View … Traditional European plum varieties remain poorly … Serbia, nowadays a sovereign country but formerly one of the republics of Yugoslavia, is traditionally a strong player in plum production and development. claudiana), and all descendants from the original cultivar 'Reine Claude Verte' in France. Below is a list of our European plum variety offerings. Show 16 Products; Show 32 Products; Show 48 Products; Sloe plum … Cultivars listed under "Limited Planting" have value, but their planting should be limited for various reasons. Tomato line up of three different varieties sliced isolated on white. italica var. Search AC Nursery. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Most likely the modern Italian Prune Plum was amongst these many early selections. At the end of this article we suggest three varieties which will pollinate each other very successfully and provide a lengthy … The best quality is that Mayor Plums do not get affected by pests. Tulare Giant - The Tulare Giant is a new Japanese plum variety. Most plums, but not all, require cross-pollination to set adequate crops; plan to plant two different varieties. Latin Name: Prunus … European plum trees are adapted to conditions throughout most of the United States. European plums (Prunus domestica) cannot pollinate any other common plum species (and vice-versa), but the other species can typically pollinate each other, to some extent, as long as their bloom overlaps. 3-in-1 Plum Tree . If you would like to view our European plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. Combo European Plum Tree (4 varieties) This self-fertile, hardy tree on semi-dwarf rootstock will grow 12-15' tall and provide loads of red and purple fruit for canning, drying and fresh... View full details Toll Free: (800) 377-3106 Damson' This old European plum is derived from a different species than other European plums. This means that they produce fruit even without a nearby plum tree of a different but compatible species. American hybrids are self-sterile and … Shop 1200+ varieties from our USDA certified organic nursery. One of the heaviest hitters in the world of European plums, Damsons tend to be a bit more tart than other types of plums. italica). Quince, an uncommon type of fruit, is prized by some for its attractive flowers and unique … This monograph, the result of 10 years' work, is the first of a series of precise pomological descriptions of European plum varieties, and will be a most valuable aid to identification and to straightening out the confusion in nomenclature that exists at present. European Varieties. Black knot is problematic for varieties such as Stanley, Rosy Gage, and many other varieties. The smallish blue fruit is best for jam, jelly, and preserves. It is a large reddish-grey skin plum with an amber flesh. A medium to large freestone plum, 'Stanley' is excellent for eating fresh, cooking, or canning. Empress – The Empress is a well-known European plum … These plum trees produce the best-known cultivated plums and the most widely distributed. In addition to the European plums are the Japanese plums … Gages are small, round and sweet, but grow best in a sunny spot. All varieties are self-pollinating, except for those noted. St. Julien rootstock fruits. In habit of tree they resemble some- what the vigorous Chickasa varieties, but their foliage is peculiarly large and distinct. The aforementioned are all European plums and are self-fertile. European plums come in all kinds of colors and flavors to choose from! Adjust accordingly for other locations.) However, they need to be protected against bacteria and that can be done with the use of Bacterial Canker. You won’t find European plum trees growing wild in European forests. European varieties have been known to be self fertile, which includes Blue Damson, This plum is the next best option to having your home grown apricots in your backyard. In contrast, European-type plums are smaller, denser and less juicy. There are two types of varieties, the European, that contain less water and more soluble solids, suitable to be dried, and the Japanese, more juicy for fresh consumption. Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. italica var. What Is A European Plum – Different Types Of European Plums What are the best varieties that you've tasted? EUROPEAN PLUMS Vibrant - The first European plum to be harvested, the Vibrant is a beautiful plum with a violet-blue skin and amber flesh. They bloom earlier than European plums, so they are more vulnerable to late frost damage. Space them some 18 to 22 feet (5.5 to 6.7 m.) apart to allow for mature size. Maturity Chart. REINE CLAUDE CONDUCTA This pink/ purple skinned plum has high quality amber flesh, somewhat crisp and very sweet. The most useful cultivars to grow in a garden are listed below. italica). They are generally more tolerant of the cold than Japanese varieties. The Greengages are a variety of the Gages, (Prunus domestica ssp. Box 108 References: 1. For best disease resistance, select President, Green Gage, Early Italian, and Bluebyrd. Sort by Default Order. 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