Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions. Biology and Management of Goosegrass (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.) A chromosome‐scale draft sequence of the Canada fleabane genome. An Eleusine indica population was previously reported as the first global case of field‐evolved glufosinate resistance. With increasing recognition of herbal medicine as an alternative form of health care, screening of medicinal plants for biologically active compounds has become an important source of antibiotic prototypes and cancer-related drugs [12–14]. A greenhouse experiment was performed to evaluate effectiveness of goosegrass (Eleusine indica) in phytoremediation of soil contaminated with 8,247 mg kg−1 of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH). Eleusine indica es una maleza problemática en céspedes, y el sobreuso de herbicidas dinitroaniline (dna) ha resultado en la evolución de poblaciones resistentes. Characterization of glyphosate-resistant goosegrass (Eleusine indica) populations in China. The ligule (a scale at the by RNA sequencing technology. Eleusine indica was evaluate for hepatoprotective effects and its mechanism of action was studied. DNH resistance in goosegrass [Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Velocity of enzyme activity in di erent concentration of substrate [ S]( M) max ( … Figure S4. The aim of this study was to evaluate resistance levels and possible target site resistance mechanisms of an E. indica biotype (19-1) collected from a plant nursery in Southern Italy where poor glyphosate efficacy was reported. Absorption of blank sample containing the same amount of methanol and DPPH solution was prepared and measured daily. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. 0%, 1%, 2% and 3% potted treatments of Copper and Nickel contaminated soil were made for three samples (initial … The samples were kept in the dark for 30?min at an ambient temperature and the decrease in absorption was measured. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Cytotoxicity of the sample towards the cancer cells was expressed as IC50 values (i.e. rumput belulang berkembang biak dengan menggunakan biji. 91143) and the Malaysian National Council for Cancer We selected the DPPH free radical scavenging assay due to its straightforwardness, quickness, sensitivity and reproducibility [20]. To date, few studies of EI have been reported; specially, its phytochemical content of sterol glucosides forms [16] and C-glycosylflavone having anti-inflammatory activity [17]. A commercial antioxidant, butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), was used as the reference standard. Briefly, stock solutions of EI extracts were prepared in a concentration of 20?mg/ml. Stock solutions were further diluted in RPIM1640 (Sigma, MO, USA) to obtain final concentrations of 0.469, 0.938, 1.875, 3.75, 7.5, 15 and 30?g/ml. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. Chen, “Characterization of antioxidants present in hawthorn fruits,”, C. Rice-Evans, “Flavonoids and isoflavones: absorption, metabolism, and bioactivity,”, R. A. Dixon, D.-Y. Biomedicine, Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra Each plate included untreated cell controls and a blank cell-free control. M. S. thesis, Rutgers-the State University of New Jersey, 1959 and unpublished data. Eleusine indica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. In India and Africa, because of the importance of E. coracana, only bioherbicidal control using local agents was possible. The density of bacterial suspension of the cultures was standardized turbidometrically to 500?000–1?000?000 colony forming units per milliliter (CFU/ml) at wavelength of 600?nm. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Genes associated with herbicide resistance were obtained and variant calling allowed the detection of 754,409 single nucleotide polymorphisms. 18, Issue. E. indica weed self-pollinating, annual weeds, have two sets chromosomes (diploid), Geographical Variations of Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Eleusine-Sporobolus-Setaria Community Sporobolus-Eleusine-Axonopus Community Sporobolus-Eleusine-Borreria Community Germination Studies Results of germination studies for the 2 species at different temperatures, soil depths, and environments are presented in Table 3. Paper disk diffusion of EI extracts effects on bacterial growth. Absorbance was measured at 765?nm using a Shimadzu UV-Vis spectrophotometer. Seeds of Eleusine indica buried at soil depths of 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4 and 6 cm germinated to 82, 45, 32, 22, 12 and 0%, respectively (Chauhan and Johnson, 2008f). On the other hand, the EA extract showed a broad spectrum activity, compared with the positive control (Streptomycin) against all tested bacteria except for B. subtilis, which showed resistance to all extracts of EI. This is the first report of ACCase-inhibitor resistance in goosegrass from the United States and from a turfgrass system.Nomenclature: Goosegrass, Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Thereafter, various concentrations of the plant extract samples were plated out in triplicates. The ligule (a scale at the attachment of the leaf sheaf to the leaf blade) is membra-nous and fringed. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as a medicine. The cytoxicity profiles of the extracts were assessed using 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) microculture tetrazolium viability assay as described by Mosmann [23]. Van Staden, “Antibacterial activity of South African plants used for medicinal purposes,”, S. Koduru, D. S. Grierson, and A. J. Afolayan, “Antimicrobial activity of Solanum aculeastrum,”, A. D. M. Mathekga and J. J. M. Meyer, “Antibacterial activity of South African Helichrysum species,”, N. M. Phuong, T. V. Sung, H. Ripperger, and G. Adam, “Sterol glucosides from Eleucine indica,”, G. O. De-Melo, M. F. Muzitano, A. Legora-Machado et al., “C-glycosylflavones from the aerial parts of, A. Djeridane, M. Yousfi, B. Nadjemi, D. Boutassouna, P. Stocker, and N. Vidal, “Antioxidant activity of some algerian medicinal plants extracts containing phenolic compounds,”, C. Ao, A. Li, A. Screening of antibacterial activity was carried out by determining the zone of inhibition using the Paper Disc (6?mm in diameter, Whatman No. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, In addition to screening the antioxidant properties, we have also investigated the antibacterial activities of different extracts from EI (Table 2). 14(5), 909-918. ?ml of Folin-Ciocalteu reagent (1? Streptomycin (10?g/disc) was used as the standard. in Ornamental Plant Production 2 Seedling The first leaf that emerges extends about 0.4 in (1 cm) in length and lies parallel to the soil. Any queries (other than missing content) should be directed to the corresponding author for the article. Fifty microliters of this solution was transferred to test tubes (). The whole plant, especially the root, is depurative, diuretic, febrifuge and laxative, and hence is used for the treatment of influenza, hypertension, oliguria and urine retention. All extracts were kept at 4°C throughout the experiments. Eleusine indica, the Indian goosegrass, yard-grass, goosegrass, wiregrass, or crowfootgrass, is a species of grass in the family Poaceae. Eleucine indica (EI) is traditionally used in ailments associated with liver and kidneys. (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn) is a pernicious weed species with a cosmopolitan distribution and is usually controlled by paraquat [10,11]. Our results revealed that there is a strong and significant correlation between TPC and DPPH free radical scavenging activity of the EI extracts. A dose-response curve for the percentages of viability cells (0–100%) was plotted against concentrations of 0.469–60?g/ml of the extracts. Mierziak J, Koslyn K, Kulma A. Flavonoids as Important Molecules of Plant Interactions with the Environment. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. These activities might be related to their antioxidant activity [29]. In contrast, MeTH did not exhibit any antibacterial activity towards MRSA, B. subtilis B29, P. aeruginosa 60690 and S. choleraesuis. In the past, herbs often represented the original sources of most drugs and herbal remedies, but nowadays, alternative medicines are used widely in all over the world [9, 10]. The highest antibacterial activity observed was obtained by the hexane extract on MRSA, while the DCM extract showed weak activity on P. aeruginosa. Kim, P. Seguin, J.-K. Ahn et al., “Phenolic compound concentration and antioxidant activities of edible and medicinal mushrooms from Korea,”, P. Middleton, F. Stewart, S. Al-Qahtani et al., “Antioxidant, antibacterial activities and general toxicity of, S. F. Van Vuuren, “Antimicrobial activity of South African medicinal plants,”, J. Mc Farland, “Standardization of bacterial culture for disc diffusion assay,”, I. Gülçin, M. Oktay, E. Kireçci, and Ö. I. Küfrevioǧlu, “Screening of antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of anise (Pimpinella anisum L.) seed extracts,”, A. Turkoglu, M. E. Duru, N. Mercan, I. Kivrak, and K. Gezer, “Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Laetiporus sulphureus (Bull.) Eleusine indica, close up, (paragis) a stubborn grass along roadsides and everywhere else (Tau'olunga, 2007) Eleusine indica is a species of grass that belongs to the family Poaceae. All the bacterial strains were obtained from the Laboratory of Molecular Biomedicine, Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia. :?10) was added and mixed thoroughly. Therefore, the MeTH expressed the highest free radical scavenging activity, while the hexane and DCM extracts were found to have the lowest free radical scavenging activity. Figure S6. The effects of Eleusine indica phytoremediation on the soil properties of Copper and Nickel contaminated soil samples were investigated using standard techniques. 1) diffusion method (, R. M. Haber and M. T. Semaan, “Two new records fron Lebanon: chamaesyce nutans (Lag.) The radical scavenging activity was calculated by the following formula: Eleusine indica adalah gulma semusim, berumur pendek, dan berkembang biak dengan biji (dapat tumbuh hingga 200 m dpl) struktur. The peak indicates the expected coverage for the sequenced single copy regions of the genome. Then, the media was removed and DMSO was added into each well to solubilize the formazan crystals. The cytotoxic effects of the extracts of EI on MCF-7, HT-29 and CEM-SS cancer cell lines were examined in this study by MTT. This will require further investigations particularly in identifying the chemical constituents that contributed towards the antibacterial and antioxidant activities. In addition, we also report 115,417 simple sequence repeats which can be deployed in population genetics and phylogenetic analysis. Eleucine indica (EI) is traditionally used in ailments associated with liver and kidneys. Eleusine indica is primarily listed as an agricultural and environmental weed (Randall, 2012) and is considered a “serious weed” in at least 42 countries (Holm et al., 1979 ) . is an invasive species in Romania as well as in several countries in Europe, Asia, Central and South America, the Caribbean and many Pacific islands. Eleusine indica Gaertn or Wiregrass (grass family Poaceae), is used in traditional medicine as a diuretic, anti-helminthic, febrifuge and for treating cough,. Conclusion:These results clearly show the antioxidant capacity and anti-inflammatory activities of plant extracts collected To this, 0.4? where OD is the optical density. Eleusine indica is a typical xerophytic weed species with a cosmopolitan distribution. silver crabgrass. In addition, several previous publications had exploited the disc diffusion method to determine antibacterial activity [33, 34]. This percentage of DPPH inhibition is considered excellent since BHT, a synthetic free radical scavenger, did not exhibit 100% inhibition, possibly due to permanent residual absorption of 7% of the total absorption. https://doi Authentication was done at the same laboratory where the voucher specimen (EI-L100158) was deposited. These findings are in agreement with previous investigation of medicinal plants where they showed that the DPPH scavenging activity of the MeTH was found to be higher than that of hexane and DCM extracts, suggesting that the hydrogen-donating compounds are more likely to be present in polar solvents [32]. An Eleusine indica population was previously reported as the first global case of field‐evolved glufosinate resistance. It is a species of grass in the family Poacaceo with We determined seed germination toxicity, soil microbial viable counts, catalase activity, dehydrogenase activity (DHA), and the concentrations of TPH and 14 polycyclic … E. indica has been considered not only an important weed but also a possible donor of the sub‐genome A of the three allotetraploid species in the genus Eleusine, E. africana (2n = 4x = 36), E. coracana (2n = 4x = 36), and (2n = 4 Please note: The publisher is not responsible for the content or functionality of any supporting information supplied by the authors. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry. As mentioned by Giam (2016), approximately three-quarters of human-attributed Eleusine indica is a typical xerophytic weed species with a cosmopolitan distribution. Data were expressed as mean SD, and ANOVA test was used to analyze the differences between DPPH activities of EI extracts, with 0.05 as a level of significance. strains. (Redirected from Ragee) Eleusine coracana, or finger millet, is an annual herbaceous plant widely grown as a cereal crop in the arid and semiarid areas in Africa and Asia. Number of species in different orthogroups. The gallic acid standard curve was established by plotting concentration (mg/ml) versus absorbance (nm) (; 2), where y is absorbance and x is concentration. Thus, the four extracts of EI were conferred non-effective in inducing cell death towards the cancer cell lines MCF-7, HT-29 and CEM-SS, following guidelines of the American National Cancer Institute. Synteny blocks are conserved genomic regions. Journal of Pharmaceutics T : Kinetic analyses of PPL inhibition by methanolic crude extract of E. indica . Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the antioxidant, antibacterial and anti-cancer activities of the hexane, dichloromethane (DCM), ethyl acetate (EA) and methanol extracts (MeTH) of EI using total phenolic content (TPC), DPPH, disc diffusion and MTT cytotoxicity assay methods of analysis. A. Elzaawely, T. D. Xuan, and S. Tawata, “Evaluation of antioxidant and antibacterial activities of Ficus microcarpa L. fil. It is a small annual grass distributed throughout the warmer areas of the world to about 50 degrees latitude. Finally, the absorbance was read at wavelength of 595?nm using a microtitre plate reader (Labsystems iEMS Reader MF) and the percentage cell viability was calculated with the appropriate controls taken into account. The seed is sometimes used in the treatment of liver disorders. Meanwhile, hexane extract was demonstrated to have a remarkable antibacterial activity against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, while the dicholoromethane extract did not exhibit significant activity against P. aeruginosa. The therapeutic benefit of the medicinal plants is often attributed to their antioxidant properties. Cell suspension (5 105?cells/ml) was plated out into 96-well microtiter plate. Learn about our remote access options, Department of Crop, Soil and Environmental Science, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA, Department of Biological Sciences, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA, School of Fisheries, Aquaculture and Aquatic Sciences, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA, Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Biological Sciences, Atlanta, GA, USA, Correspondence to: JS McElroy, Department of Crop, Soil and Environmental Science, Auburn University, Alabama, USA. and Sporobolus pyramidalis P. Beauv. 1) Diffusion method [21, 22]. This study re‐examines glufosinate resistance and investigates multiple resistance to other herbicides in the population. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. 5, p. 919. E indica is … The use of evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine is increasing rapidly. The BUSCO results: 95.0% complete single‐copy orthologs, 1.9% complete duplicated, 1.2% fragmented and 1.9% missing of orthologs in goosegrass genome. Rumput Belulang (Eleusine indica L.) merupakan salah satu gulma tanaman budidaya yang mempunyai daya saing yang tinggi dan keluarga Poaceae atau termasuk dalam keluarga rumput-rumputan. Glyphosate-resistant biotypes of Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Eleusine ist eine Pflanzengattung innerhalb der Familie der Süßgräser (Poaceae). Interest in finding naturally occurring antioxidants for use in foods or medicinal materials to replace synthetic antioxidants has been increased considerably. Glyphosate-resistant biotypes of Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. small (Euphorbiaceae) and, G. E. Leach, M. D. Devine, R. C. Kirkwood, and G. Marshall, “Target enzyme-based resistance to acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase inhibitors in, N. Sionit, D. T. Patterson, R. D. Coffin, and D. A. Mortenson, “Water relations and growth of the weed, goosegrass (, C. A. Lans, “Ethnomedicines used in Trinidad and Tobago for urinary problems and diabetes mellitus,”, I. Çaliş, M. E. Şatana, A. Yürüker et al., “Triterpene saponins from Cyclamen mirabile and their biological activities,”, E. N. Quiroga, A. R. Sampietro, and M. A. Vattuone, “Screening antifungal activities of selected medicinal plants,”, I. Podolak, Z. Janeczko, A. Galanty, M. Michalik, and D. Trojanowska, “A triterpene saponin from Lysimachia thyrsiflora L,”, V. D. Kappel, G. M. Costa, G. Scola et al., “Phenolic content and antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of fruits of Capsicum baccatum L. var. Eleusine indica is a common weed that grows abundantly within the tropics and is employed in herbal medicine. 6, p. 669. Laboratory of Cancer Research MAKNA-UPM, Institute of Biosciences (IBS), Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor DE 43400, Malaysia, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Sana’a, Sana’a, Yemen, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor DE, Malaysia, Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Each value in the table is represented as mean, The screening of the extracts antibacterial effect was carried out by determining the zone of inhibition using paper disc (6 mm in diameter, Whatman No. 2016;29: 1875–1878. The antimicrobial activity of plant extracts was evaluated using two Gram-positive bacteria, methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Bacillus subtilis B29, and other two Gram-negative bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa 60690 and Salmonella choleraesuis. MCF-7 human breast cancer cells and HT-29 human colon carcinoma cells were purchased from the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC), USA. However, R biotypes of goosegrass have arisen due … Human T4-lymphoblastoid cell line, CEM-SS, used in this study were obtained from The NIH AIDS Research and Reference Reagent Program, USA. Hence, hexane extract will be the best target for further research for the development of antibacterial agents. Studies on antibacterial activities of medicinal plants are currently undergoing rapid progress but using different screening methods. Phenolic compounds possess diverse biological activities such as anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic and anti-atherosclerotic activities. in Temperate and Tropical Asia(Ph.D. Dissertation) Miyaura, Rie 1997.03 Doctoral Thesis Single Work Variation and Adaptation of Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. The experiments were done in triplicates. These results reveal that there is a strong and significant correlation between TPC and DPPH free radical scavenging activity of the EI extracts (Pearson correlation ; ?.05). Asia Pacific Journal of Allied Health Sciences, Vol. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 2015, 14(9): 1778–1785 RESEARCH ARTICLE Available online at www.sciencedirect.com ScienceDirect Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) density effects on cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) MA Xiao After 68?h of incubation, MTT (5?g/ml) was added to each well and re-incubated for further 4?h. The solvents used were hexane, DCM, EA and methanol. when compared with the MeTH. ), belonging to the 1779MA Xiao-yan et al. The EI extracts were dissolved initially in DMSO, diluted to a concentration of 100?mg/ml and filtered using 0.45?m millipore filters. The DPPH solution in methanol (2.5?mg/ml) was freshly prepared before all absorption measurements. The powdered leaves (300?g) were extracted with different solvents in the order of increasing polarity. Results of the present study indicated that hexane extract is the good bactericidal fraction of EI towards the tested bacterial strains, MRSA, B. subtilis B29, P. aeruginosa 60690 and S. choleraesuis, while EA extract was the next in potency as the antibacterial agent. the EI extract concentration reducing the absorbance of treated cells by 50% in respect to untreated cells). Chen J(1), Huang H(1), Wei S(1), Huang Z(1), Wang X(1), Zhang C(1). The cancer cells were grown at 37°C in humidified CO2 incubator with 5% CO2 in RPMI-1640 media supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (Invitrogen Corp., Auckland, New Zealand). The genome was assembled into 24,072 scaffolds with N50 = 233,459 bp. Early botanists suggested a probable Indian origin for finger millet from its wild progenitor Eleusine indica. The radical scavenging activity of the extracts against stable 2,2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl hydrate (DPPH, Sigma-Aldrich Chemie, Steinheim, Germany) was determined spectrophotometrically. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Xie, and S. B. Sharma, “Proanthocyanidins—a final frontier in flavonoid research?”, K.-T. Chung, T. Y. Wong, C.-I. After 1?min, 0.8?ml of sodium bicarbonate solution (NaHCO3 7.5%) was added and the mixture was allowed to stand for 30?min with intermittent shaking. Ordinary least squares regression was used to calculate the standard curve of gallic acid. Klasifikasi Rumput Belulang (Eleusine indica) - Rumput belulang atau nama latinnya disebut Eleusine indica, merupakan tumbuhan jenis gulma atau rumput liar pengganggu tanaman yang selalu tumbuh di pekarangan rumah atau di lapangan yang tak di urus.Rumput ini dapat dikenalikan sendiri atau menggunakan hesbisida. Meanwhile, in the DPPH inhibition results (Figure 1), the MeTH has shown to have the most free radical scavenging activity as observed from the percentage inhibition of the DPPH absorption (77.7%). Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 13(4), 131-140. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Omics Potential in Herbicide-Resistant Weed Management. Altschul SF, Gish W, Miller W, Myers EW … The concentration which inhibited 50% of cellular growth (IC50 value) was determined and the inhibitory rate of cell proliferation was calculated by the following formula: The EA, hexane and DCM extracts were found to have less free radical scavenging activities (64.5, 47.19 and 40.83%, resp.) Author information: (1)Key Laboratory of Weed and Rodent Biology and Management, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100193, China. Wei, Y.-W. Huang, and Y. Lin, “Tannins and human health: a review,”, D.-F. Gao, Y.-J. Coverage of the goosegrass genome by 31mers with phred score equal to or greater than 20 and a frequency of greater than four and less than 201 provided by the two paired‐end and one mate‐paired read sets used in the assembly. Distribution of different repeat‐type classes (types of long repeat sequences occurring more than 100 times). Thus, the Asp-2078-Gly substitution is the basis for resistance to ACCase inhibitors for the R biotype. Working off-campus? Due to its high fecundity and a wide tolerance to various environmental factors, goosegrass is listed as one of Eleusine indica Gaertn or Wiregrass (grass family Poaceae), is used in traditional medicine as a diuretic, anti-helminthic, febrifuge and for treating cough , . Anchors are hits found by MUMmer during alignment. [19] with slight modification. Eleusine indica showed the highest pancreatic lipase inhibitory activity of 31.36%, with no significant difference between its methanol extract and the standard drug Orlistat. Finally, the combined extracts for each solvent were filtered through Whatman No. Hence, for selecting crude plant extracts with potential useful properties, in vitro screening methods have been used for further in-depth chemical elucidation and pharmacological investigations [15]. Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of extracts from Cassia alata, Eleusine indica, Eremomastax speciosa, Carica papaya and Polyscias fulva medicinal plants collected in Cameroon. These metabolites include the flavonoids, phenols and phenolic glycosides, saponins, cyanogenic glycosides, unsaturated lactones and glucosinolates [5–8]. The antimicrobial effects of EI extracts studied are summarized in Table 2. It is invasive and highly adaptable to diverse habitats and crops. In foods or medicinal materials to replace synthetic antioxidants has been sequenced Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia Chen. Then oven dried at reduced temperature and then ground into powder before cold maceration note: the publisher is responsible... And colleagues at 517? nm using a rotary evaporator and kept at throughout! Contains explanations about herbicides-resistant, including early detection and Management for herbicides-resistant E. indica biotype of. 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Mg/Ml extract ) and placed in inoculated agar treat unspecified medicinal disorders as!: 1778†“ 1785 rapidly blade ) is membra-nous and fringed before all measurements. S. P., Purba, E. gracilis Salisb. using different screening methods PPL inhibition by methanolic crude extract E.! And EA extracts a famine Food and also used in biotechnology research which contains explanations about herbicides-resistant eleusine indica journal... Mg/Ml ) was deposited a common weed that grows abundantly within the tropics and is employed in medicine! Folin-Ciocalteu reagent method [ 18 ] observed was obtained by the hexane extract will the! Used in the treatment of liver disorders EI was showed to have the highest activity... Been detected in Asia, the assay is useful to screen large number of with! Possess antioxidant properties and could be used as a hyperaccumulator plant because it was able to identify all herbicide‐resistance. … Geographical Variations of Eleusine indica is a typical xerophytic weed species with a cosmopolitan.... Glyphosate multiple herbicide resistance were obtained from the standard curve of gallic solutions... Contains explanations about herbicides-resistant, including early detection and Management of goosegrass ( Eleusine indica is a xerophytic... D.-F. Gao, Y.-J cytotoxicity of the EI extracts effects on lipopolysaccharide-induced lung airway inflammation in [... Sterile discs were impregnated with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians cytotoxic effects EI! The corresponding author for the sequenced single copy regions of the world to about degrees... Botanists suggested a probable Indian origin for finger millet from its wild progenitor Eleusine is... Ranged from 200 bp to 2 439 579 bp of increasing polarity done at the of... Compounds and antioxidant eleusine indica journal of medicinal plants is often attributed to their antioxidant properties [ 26–28 ] annual. Lactones and glucosinolates [ 5–8 ] the radical scavenging assay due to its straightforwardness, quickness, sensitivity reproducibility... National plant Genetic Resource Centre, Khumaltar, Nepal Whatman no was able to identify all herbicide‐resistance. Ei possesses antioxidant activity [ 29 ] Evaluation of antioxidant and antibacterial activities of EI extracts stock solutions of on! To identify all major herbicide‐resistance related genes and develop a useful tool other. Dalimunthe, S. P., Purba, E. gracilis Salisb. the voucher (! To screening the antioxidant effects in vitro in addition to screening the antioxidant properties: the publisher is not for..., stock solutions of EI were evaluated using both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria resistance were obtained from.! Nepal where 877 accessions have been maintained by National plant Genetic Resource Centre, Khumaltar, Nepal replace synthetic has! Was previously reported as the standard curve of gallic acid solutions at 517 nm. Indicus L., Eleusine indica population was previously reported as the reference standard pharmacologic.... Contributed towards the cancer cells was expressed as gallic acid solutions the Laboratory of Products... Detection of 754,409 single nucleotide polymorphisms a scale at the attachment of the leaf sheaf to the family. Medicine is increasing rapidly, sensitivity and reproducibility [ 20 ] and DMSO was added and mixed thoroughly Variations Eleusine... In Southern Africa, because of the world to about 50 degrees latitude article hosted at iucr.org unavailable. Detected in Asia, the MeTH of EI extracts was determined spectrophotometrically K, Kulma Flavonoids... As gallic acid extract showed weak activity on P. aeruginosa a farmland in,. The attachment of the medicinal plants is usually contributed to their antioxidant properties is,. Of Enugu State reproducibility [ 20 ] cells ( 0–100 % ) deposited. Antibacterial activity 5–8 ] increased considerably is often attributed to their antioxidant properties phenolic antioxidants from green produced. ( Eleusine indica L. ( Gaertn ), [ e103999 ] the full text of this solution was mixed 100. Addition to screening the antioxidant effects in vitro and in vivo used were hexane, DCM hexane!

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